Notes for lines 0-1017 ed. Bernice W. Kliman
|47 When yond same starre thats weastward from the pole,||1.1.36|
47 yond] Rochester? (-1761, p. 192) conjectures yon’.
Ed. note: See Browne; Rochester in alphabib.
fieb: Walker (Pronouncing Dict)
47 yond] Fiebig (ed. 1857): “Yon or Yonder, being at a distance within view. Mr. Walker, in his Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, has observed, that there is a vulgar pronunciation of this word in London, as if written yonder, which cannot be too carefully avoided.”
47-50 Clarke & Clarke
(ed. 1868): “How poetically, and with what dramatic fitness, has Shakespeare introduced this touch to mark time and place! Nothing more natural than for a sentinel to watch the course of a particular star while on his lonely midnight watch; and what a radiance of poetry is shed upon the passage by the casual allusion! See Note 52, Act iii, [MND
47 yond] Clark & Wright (ed. 1872): “This word, used as an adjective or adverb, is spelt indifferently in either sense, ‘yond’ or ‘yon.’”
47 starre . . . pole] Hudson (ed. 1872): “Of course the polar star, or north star, is meant, which appears to stand still, while the other stars in its neighborhood seem to revolve around it.”
v1877: hud2, Clarke minus 1st sentence and //
47 starre. . . pole]
meik = c&mc without attribution
hud3 = hud2
47 starre . . . pole]
47-9 When . . . burnes] Deighton (ed. 1891): “when that very star which you see to the west of the pole had travelled along its path to light up that part of the heavens in which it is now shining, i.e. almost at this very time last night.”
dtn1 contra cln1 without attribution
47 yond] Deighton (ed. 1891): “properly an adverb, yon being the adjective.”
47 starre . . . pole]
47 yond same starre] Craig (ed. 1931): “probably part of the constellation of the Great Bear, since this was used to tell time by.”
47 Schücking (1935, trans.1937, p. 70 n. 1) refers to the dramatic effect of the line and again when the ghost reappears—of calling attention away from the ghost’s entrance so that it can appear to materialize suddenly.
47 Wilson (ed. 1936, rpt. 1954, additional notes) refers to Schücking but incorrectly says that “Bernardo’s words draw the audience’s attention to the spot at which the Ghost will appear.”
47 weastward from the pole] Rylands (ed. 1947): “a planet west of the Polar star.”
47 pole] Farnham (ed. 1957): “polestar.”
Spevack Complete Concordance
47 yond] Spevack (1970) has yon 22 verse 0 prose, frequency .0024; yond is .0045 frequency 35 verse and 10 prose; yonder is 70 freq, 40 v 30 p. There are also yonder’s 6, with 3 v and 3 p, and yond’s, 1 freq, v.
47 pole] Farnham (ed. 1970): “polestar”
47 Spencer (ed. 1980) comments on the technique of diverting the audience’s attention from the ghost’s entrance. He adds that Sh. throughout the scene “gives the impression of a clear, frosty, startlit sky.”
47-9 Spencer (ed. 1980) believes that the words illume and burns indicate the star is a planet.
ard2: N&Q ccviii, 412-13
47 yond same starre] Jenkins (ed. 1982), though acknowledging that no actual star need be meant, suggests “Capella, which would appear in the winter sky ‘westward from the pole.’” The Great Bear would not so appear.
fol2 ≈ v1877 without attribution
47 pole] Mowat & Werstine (ed. 1992): “Polaris, the North Star“
47 yond] OED: Under Yon: “See also YOND, YONDER. In OE. the only members of this family of words for which evidence is forthcoming are geon adj. and geond, geondan YOND prep. (? orig. adv. like Goth. jaind), together with bigeonan (-ginan, -genan) `trans’, begeondan (Northumb. bigeanda, bigienda) BEYOND adv. and prep. From these the various parallel uses of yon, yond, and yonder have arisen through the extension to other members of applications originally appropriated to one of them.The 17-18th cent. spelling of the word with an apostrophe (yon’) indicates that it was regarded as short for yond.]
A. adj. 1. A demonstrative word used in concord with a sb. to indicate a thing or person as (literally, or sometimes mentally) pointed out: cf. THAT dem. adj. 1. Formerly often, as still in some dialects, simply equivalent to that (those); but chiefly, and in later literary use almost always, referring to a visible object at a distance but within view: = `that (those)...over there’ 1621 G. SANDYS* Ovid’s Met. VIII. (1626) 165 What place Is yon’, and of what name, that stands alone? This from Sandys is a 17thc example of yon’ as yond.
Blake ≈ OED without attribution
47 yond] Blake (§126.96.36.199): yon, yond, and yonder point to something distant from but visible to both speaker and listener; replaced in ModE by that.
47 yond same starre] Thompson & Taylor (ed. 2006): “Astronomers have recently argued that, if Shakespeare had a specific star in mind, he might be alluding to the supernova in Cassiopeia which was first seen in Wittenberg in 1572 and also discovered independently by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe: See Olsen et al.; for a further possible link between Hamlet and Brahe, see [their note for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, p. 143; their names are connected to Brahe’s]. ”
ard3q2 ≈ hud3 without attribution; crg1 without attribution; contra ard2 without attribution + in magenta underlined
47 pole] Thompson & Taylor (ed. 2006): “pole-star or northern star: the star in the constellation Ursa Minor (Latin: Little Bear) which lies so close on the northern pole of the of the heavens that it seems to remain still in the sky while the other stars revolve around it.”